Sustainability

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The team of scientists working in the Fisheries Department are supported by an ongoing surveillance and monitoring regime which ensures real-time data and biological information is available on all commercial fisheries.

Daily catch reporting, onboard observer coverage,  satellite vessel management systems, (VMS) automatic identification systems (AIS), aerial surveillance, seabirds at sea observer coverage all combine to provide environmental, stock assessment and fisheries management data.

Management of the squid fisheries and most of the finfish fisheries are based on effort control complemented by the possibility of seasonal closures.  Total Allowable Catch is calculated based on stock assessments and converted into vessel effort units.  Each vessel is allocated a certain number of days in the fishery for which it has quota depending on its estimated fishing power. 

Access to the fisheries is controlled by licence conditions with restrictions on target species, fishing areas, fishing seasons, fishing depths and fishing gear types and sizes. 

For the volatile squid species Falkland's scientists conduct real-time stock assessments through-out the fishing season and season closures are implemented in cases when in-season estimations show stock level are approaching a minimum escapement level.  In-season biological sampling helps protect fish during vulnerable phases.  Small juvenile fish and mature females can be protected by temporarily closing areas where dense schools are found.  Known spawning grounds of finfish are protected by fishing bans.   

Excessive fishing capacity is a leading cause of over-fishing worldwide.  Allocating long term quota rights to a small core fishery and controlling the number of days that vessels can fish eliminates the threat of excess capacity which can be a serious problem in catch-based fisheries

Products

Patagonian Hake
Red Cod
Patagonian Red Fish
Falkland Herring
Southern Blue Whiting